In most cases, no serious complications will occur. However, there are so many possible complications.
Some are quite serious. It is difficult to know how often each may occur since it is not well reported.
Below is a list of potential complications from having an abortion.
It is normal to have some bleeding after an abortion, however, there is a risk of heavy bleeding. At times the bleeding may be so severe as to require a blood transfusion.
It is possible to have an incomplete abortion; meaning that some part of the baby, placenta, amniotic sac, etc. may be left inside the uterus. If this happens, bacteria will enter in and an infection may occur. Infections of this type often go unnoticed because the symptoms (fever, pain, etc.) seem normal and expected. However, if untreated it can become quite serious.
Chemical abortion methods sometimes fail, meaning a surgical abortion would then be required. Surgical abortions sometimes are incomplete, meaning part of the baby, placenta, amniotic sac, etc. is not completely removed. In this case, bleeding and infection may occur.
In some abortion procedures anesthesia may be used. As with any surgery, it is possible for the patient to have an allergic reaction to these drugs. The result may be convulsions, heart attack, or in extreme cases, death.
TEARING OF THE CERVIX
The cervix may be cut or torn by the abortion instruments. This can present problems for future desired pregnancies.
When the abortion instruments are scraped along the walls of the uterus, they may cause scarring. This can present problems for future desired pregnancies.
PERFORATION OF THE UTERUS
The uterus may be torn or punctured by the abortion instruments. This risk increases as the pregnancy progresses. If this happens, major surgery will be required to repair the damage and in some cases the result may be hysterectomy.
DAMAGE TO INTERNAL ORGANS
When the uterus on perforated, the abortion instruments have access to other organs in the body. Damage may occur to these organs as well, including the bowel or bladder. Major surgery would be required to repair this damage.
As with any surgery, death is an infrequent occurrence, but certainly a possibility. Death may be an end result of other complications as listed above.
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